List Of Countries With French As An Official Language & Places That Speak French

List Of Countries With French As An Official Language & Places That Speak French – 5th world language by the number of its speakers, after Mandarin, English, Spanish and Arabic, the French language is the only one, with English, to be present on 5 continents. In 2018, out of 106 countries and territories, 300 million (Country statistics – LFDM-2018) are able to express themselves in French.

List Of Countries With French As An Official Language

French is spoken in many countries, especially in Africa. This is mainly due to the legacy of the French colonial empire, which developed in the late nineteenth century.

Countries whose official language is French

CountryCapital cityContinent
BelgiumBrusselsEurope
BenignPorto-NovoAfrica
Burkina FasoOuagadougouAfrica
BurundiBujumburaAfrica
CameroonYaoundeAfrica
CanadaOttawaAmerica
ComorosMoroniAfrica
CongoBrazzavilleAfrica
Ivory CoastYamoussoukroAfrica
DjiboutiDjiboutiAfrica
FranceParisEurope
GabonLibrevilleAfrica
GuineaConakryAfrica
Equatorial GuineaMalaboAfrica
HaitiPort Au PrinceAmerica
LuxembourgLuxembourgEurope
MadagascarAntananarivoAfrica
MaliBamakoAfrica
MonacoMonacoEurope
NigerNiameyAfrica
The central African RepublicBanguiAfrica
Democratic Republic of CongoKinshasaAfrica
RwandaKigaliAfrica
SenegalDakarAfrica
SeychellesVictoriaAfrica
SwissBernEurope
ChadN’DjamenaAfrica
TogoLomeAfrica
VanuatuPort VilaOceania

 

Places That Speak French

Countries where French is commonly used, without being an official language:

CountryAssociate CapitalContinent
AlgeriaAlgeriaAfrica
AndorraAndorra la VellaEurope
MauritiusPort LouisAfrica
LebanonBeirutAsia
MoroccoRabatAfrica
MauritaniaNouakchottAfrica
TunisiaTunisAfrica

 

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List Of Countries With French As An Official Language & Places That Speak French

List Of Countries With French As An Official Language & Places That Speak French

Countries where French is an official or co-official language

States: 57 Countries: 29 Bilingual: (+)  
 
 

Continent

Status

Population (in millions) 

Francophone proportion 
(percentage) 
mother tongue

Number of Francophones *

l. kindergarten / 
l. second confused

Official languages)

       
Belgium: French Community EuropeSovereign community 3.3M 100% 3.3M French
Federal Belgium +Europecountry10.5 M41%4.3MFrench / Dutch / German
BenignAfricacountry8.4M13%552,000French
Bern + (Switzerland)Europefederated canton951,0008.1%77,031French German
Burkina FasoAfricacountry13.9 M4.7%813,000French
Burundi +Africacountry7.8 M4%50,000French / Kirundi
Cameroon +Africacountry16.4M67% (reputed)2.7MFrench English
Canada +Americacountry32.2M22.1%6.8 MEnglish French
CentralAfricacountry4.2M3.7%650,000French / Sango
Comoros +Africacountry670,0000.3%312,000French Arab
Congo BrazzavilleAfricacountry4.0M1.2%1MFrench
Congo – KinshasaAfricacountry60.8M6%2MFrench
Ivory CoastAfricacountry18.2M1%3.5MFrench
Djibouti +Africacountry799,0002.8%50,000French Arabic
la FranceEuropecountry61.4M82%58.9MFrench
Friborg + (Switzerland)Europefederated canton241,70061%147,400French German
GabonAfricacountry1.4M6%1.1 MFrench
Geneva (Switzerland)Europefederated canton413,70076%314 400French
Guadeloupe (F)Americaoverseas department422 2224%360,900French
GuineaAfricacountry9.5M2%400,000French
Equatorial Guinea +Africacountry500,0001%500Spanish / French
French Guiana (F)Americaoverseas department200,0007%146,000French
HaitiAmericacountry8.3M1,5%1MFrench / Creole
Jura (Switzerland)Europefederated canton68 14990%61,350French
Luxembourg +EuropeGrand Duchy460 0004.1%430,000French / German / 
Luxembourgish
Madagascar +Africacountry18.0 M1%88,000Malagasy / French
MaliAfricacountry13.5M0.1%885,000French
Martinique (F)Americaoverseas department400,0004%320,800French
Mauritania +Africacountry2.8M2%146,000Arabic / French ( de facto )
Mayotte (France)Africaterritorial collectivity (FR)184,7700.1%54,000French
MonacoEuropeprincipality30,00058%25,000French
Neuchâtel (Switzerland)Europecanton167,85085%142,700French
NigerAfricacountry 13.5 M9%980,000French
New Brunswick + (CND)Americaprovince719,71032.3%232 500English French
New Caledonia (F)Peacefuloverseas countries196,00037%184,000French
Nunavut + (CND)Americafederal territory26,6652%535English / French / 
Inuktitut ( de facto )
French Polynesia (F)Peacefuloverseas countries259,8005%208,000French
Pondicherry + (India)Asiaautonomous territory808,0000.02%15,000Tamil / French / English / 
Telugu / Malayalam
Quebec City (CND)Americafederated province7.2M81%5.8MFrench
Meeting (F)Africaoverseas department793,0001%619,000French
Rwanda +Africacountry7.7 M0.1%510,000Kinyarwanda / French / 
English
St. Barthelemy (F)Americaterritorial collectivity (FR)845090%7,600French
St. Martin  (F)Americaterritorial collectivity (FR)33,00025%10,000French
St. Pierre and Miquelon (F)Americaterritorial collectivity (FR)6316100%6316French
SenegalAfricacountry11.7M7%1MFrench
Seychelles +Africacountry80,0000.1%6,000English / French / Creole
Swiss Federal +Europecountry7.2M18.4%1.4MGerman / French / 
Italian / (Romansh)
ChadAfricacountry9.7M5%1.5MFrench Arabic
Territories North West  + (CND)Americafederal territory437,1052.3%10,000English French
TogoAfricacountry6.1 M2.4%907,000French
Aosta Valley + (Italy)Europeautonomous region120,60017%20,500Italian / French
Valais + (Switzerland)Europefederated canton272,40060%163,400French German
Vanuatu +Peacefulcountry220,0003.8%50,000English / French / Bislama
Vaud (Switzerland)Europefederated canton644,60095%615,000French
Wallis and Futuna (F)PeacefulOverseas collectivity14,9440.75%14,000French
Yukon * (CND)Americafederal territory30,2003.6%1,800French English
       

The number of Francophones whose mother tongue and as a second language are combined is determined by data extracted from La Francophonie in the world 2002-2003, Francophonie High Council, Larousse, Paris, 2003. “Francophone” refers to a person who can cope, in French, to the situations of the current communication.

If we widen the circle of countries or regions that do not have French as an official language but whose French is a language of instruction, the number of Francophones would exceed 200 million (including partial Francophones, those whose French is a foreign language ).

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