The Word Environment Comes From An Old French Word Meaning

The precise origin of the term “environment” is unknown. <In-Viron-n-ment comes:

(a) the term “turn” which originates in:

the Greek “gyros” (circle, tower) then in its Latin transformation “gyrare” and “in gyrum”;

in Latin “virare”, (spinning);

in the Gaulish “viria” (ring, bracelet).

The three origins have mixed with time. To “turn”, the former French-made “viron” meaning “turn” or “round”.

These origins go back anyway, at least for the first two to the same Indo-European origin.

b) then the prefix “en” was added to “viron” to give “about” (around, around – attested end XIth)

The Word Environment Comes From An Old French Word Meaning

The Word Environment Comes From An Old French Word Meaning

c) then the word “environ” which is a verb that means surrounding

d) and finally from the verb, we formed a name “environmenz” with a suffix “-menz” coming from the Latin suffix “-mentum”, from the XIIIeme in the sense of “circuit, contour” then at the end of the XVth in the sense of “environmental action”.

2 / DEFINITION

The environment is the set of natural and cultural elements in which living things are found.

We can therefore distinguish:

– the environment in the strict sense of biologists understood as the set of natural elements that surround an individual (human, animal, plant) or its species;

– the wider environment, ie all the natural and cultural conditions which constitute the framework of the life of a human individual and are likely to act on it.

Recently, with the rise of computing, the word has taken on a new meaning and refers to all the resources (hardware and software) needed to operate a computer system.

Ex (1st sense): Every day, we can all contribute to the protection of our environment by performing simple actions such as recycling waste.

3 / THE WORD IN THE EUROPEAN LANGUAGES

English: environment
Spanish: entorno
word formed from the competing root tor- who gave turn in French

German expresses the same idea by different roots:
umwelt (the idea of ​​the world)
umfeld (field idea)